Tughluqabad fort Delhi was an ancient fort of the city of Delhi and the third largest inhabited city of Delhi. Tughlaqabad is the third city among the historical cities of Delhi City, which was built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty. This fort is spread over a vast area, it can also be estimated from the fact that it is built in an area of 6 km. There are huge high walls in this fort, and many bastions and small palaces were also built, but today this fort is in a dilapidated condition, all parts of which are broken and in very bad condition. Despite being in such a bad condition, it shows the beauty and art of the Tughlaq dynasty and Islamic culture and sally in a very brilliant color.
Tughluqabad Qila in Delhi is a mausoleum like this one, which is in a safe condition and is also very beautiful to look at. There are 3 Samadhi inside this mausoleum. Gayasuddin Tughlaq and his son and wife are buried in these tombs. Tughluqabad Delhi is also a historical fort and a famous tourist place, if you love history and like to see old forts and buildings, you must go here.
History of Tughluqabad Fort
The fort of Tughlaqabad was built by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq in 1321 AD. He got this fort done to avoid the Mongol invaders. The construction work of this fort went on for about 4 years and its construction was completed in 1325 AD. The construction work of this fort was done in a rocky area. This whole area is surrounded by forests and stones.
It is also said that Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, whose real name is Ghazi Malik, was formerly a feudatory of the Khilji rulers. Gasuddin always had the desire to build a city of his own in Delhi and build a huge fort. A time also came when he started his own rule by defeating the Khilji rulers from Delhi and laid the foundation of the Tughlaq dynasty. After taking over Delhi, Ghiyasuddin started the work of this fort in 1321 and its construction was completed in 1325. This was the fort of his dreams.
But this fort did not remain unoccupied for long, as it is said that this fort was cursed by a Muslim Sufi saint. It is said that this fort was abandoned after 15 years of its construction and it remained deserted and empty.
Along with this fort, Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq also constructed Tukhlaq Road, which is today known as Mehroli Badarpur Road.
The architecture of Tughlaqabad Fort
However, today the qila of Tughlaqabad is very dilapidated condition and struggling to stay standing., If you look at its modern form, This is a huge fort that is spread over an area of 6 km. This huge fort and its construction reflect the Islamic art style and its unique advanced art and architecture. Even today some parts of this fort are left after being dilapidated, which are standing on this land.
The walls spread around this fort and their sloping parts covered with dust show the awesomeness of this fort. The height of these massive walls ranges from 10 to 15 meters, which is as high as a 2-story building. During its construction, there were 52 gates in this fort for a few years, but now only 13 gates are left here.
Every kind of comfort and sanity was present in this city. Here there was a market, water tanks, and a separate place for the people of the Tughlaq dynasty to stay. There were also many underground rooms here, whose remains are still present today. Big bastions were also built here, from which monitoring was done and the enemy could be attacked with cannons.
The construction of Tughlaqabad and its architecture can be understood in this way.
- Here the highest point of the citadel built with the tower is called Bijai Mandal.
- All the urban areas here were built with a rectangular grid.
- The lower part of the tower here, which was called Asana Mahal, was built for the royal and dynasty people of the palace. The dilapidated parts of this palace are still present today.
This fort and city could never be settled because of the curse.
It is believed that the Tughlaqabad fort of Delhi has not been used to date because it was cursed by a famous Sufi Fakir Saint Nizamuddin Olia. According to the people, Gayasuddin Tughlak wanted to build his new fort of Tughlaqabad and was so excited that he ordered that all the workers of Delhi would only work in the construction of the fort.
At the same time, Muslim Sufi saint Nizamuddin Olia was getting his well constructed but all the laborers were engaged in the construction of the fort due to which the work of his well was stopped. Due to the stoppage of the work of the well, the saint became very angry and in anger, he cursed that this fort would never be inhabited. He said ‘Hanoj Delhi door Ast’ or ‘Delhi is far away. He said that this city of Delhi will never be able to settle down and only the natives of this place will remain here and Gujjars will rule here.
Today the fort of Tughlaqabad is in a dilapidated condition.
This heritage of the Tughlaq dynasty, which shows the pride and affection of the advanced city of that time, is passing through a very bad condition today. Now this fort and many of its parts are almost destroyed and in the coming few years it will probably be destroyed completely. They need proper maintenance and care. Some parts of it have been preserved but some parts where wild shrubs and trees have taken over. Tughlakabad village is also situated inside this fort. A part of the south is still alive today where a mausoleum and a garden have been built, in this mausoleum Gayasuddin and his son and wife are buried.
Interesting facts about Tughluqabad Fort.
- This fort is believed to be haunted. Many people have felt the presence of negative energy and powers here.
- Famous Sufi saint Nijjamudin Olia had cursed this fort that this fort and its city would never be settled.
- Huge and grand stairs were built at this fort entrance so that one could enter this fort with elephants.
- At the time of construction, 52 entrances were made in this fort, but now only 13 entrances are left in it.
- Earlier many water tanks were present here but now there are only 7 water tanks.
- The construction of this fort was completed in 4 years but it was abandoned only after 10 years of its construction.
Things to keep in mind while visiting Tughluqabad.
- There is no good food shop near Tughlaqabad fort, so if you are going here, bring your food and drink from home.
- Monkeys are found here in large numbers, so keep your belongings carefully. Monkeys can run away with your belongings.
- This fort and its area are very big, that’s why there are always rogues and thieves roaming here, so you should come here with complete preparation and safety.
- Keep your purse and mobile, camera carefully.
- If you come here in the summer season, then definitely bring a water bottle and cap with you.
- This fort is built in a rocky and thorny area, so come here wearing sturdy shoes.
Timing of Tughluqabad Fort Delhi
Tughlakabad Fort remains open for the general public from 7 am to 5 pm.
Entry Fee of Tughluqabad Fort Delhi
For Indian tourists: Rs 20 per person
Rs 200 for foreign tourists
While there is no entry fee for children below 15 years.
Best time to visit Tughluqabad fort Delhi.
By the way, you can visit Tughlaqabad Fort on any day of the year. But if we talk about the best, then November to February is the best time. The weather here is cool and pleasant during this time. The rest of the time, there is a lot of summer and rainy season here.
How to reach Tughluqabad Fort?
By Air: If you want to come to Tughluqabad fort by air, then Indira Gandhi International Airport here is the best and it is connected to all the cities of India. Tughluqabad fort is 18.5 km away from the airport. You can easily reach here by taking a taxi from the airport.
By Train: There are 2 famous railway stations to reach Tughluqabad fort by train, the first is the new Delhi railway station and the second is the Nizamuddin railway station both of these stations are from every city in India. The distance between New Delhi station and Tughluqabad fort is 19.2 km, whereas from Nizamuddin it is only 13.3 km.
By Bus: If you want to come to Tughluqabad fort by Bus or Road, then you can come. Delhi City is well connected by road all over India.
Address and a google map of Tughlakabad Fort
Address: Tughlaqabad Fort, Tughlakabad, New Delhi, Delhi 110044.
Images of Tughluqabad Fort Delhi.
Other tourist places in Delhi
If you have come to Delhi to see Tughluqabad Fort, then definitely see Delhi in Places.
- Red Fort
- Lotus Temple
- Akshardham Temple
- Kalka ji temple, Delhi
- Humayun Tomb
- Rashtrapati Bhavan
- Garden of Five Senses
- Qutub Minar
- Jama Masjid
- National Museum
- Connaught Place shopping
- Gurudwara Bangla Sahib Ji
- Lodhi Garden
- Jantar Mantar
- Dilli haat INA
- Shri Laxmi Narayan Temple (Birla Mandir)
- National Gallery of Modern Art
- Safdarjung Tomb
- National Zoological Park
- Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary
- Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum
- ISKCON Temple Delhi-Glory Of India & Vedic Cultural Centre, New Delhi
- Deer Park
- Shree Adya Katyayani Shaktipeeth Mandir
- Waste to Wonder Theme Park
- Shree Hanuman Temple
- Adham Khan’s Tomb
- Amar Jawan Jyoti
- Sultanpur National Park