Harmandir Sahib which is known as Golden Temple, Amritsar, all over the world is the holiest religious place of Sikhs. This is the holiest Gurudwara of the Sikhs. It is known by many names like Harmandir Sahib, Golden Temple, Darbar Sahib.
Golden Temple is located in Amritsar city of Punjab state. Every day thousands of people come to see it. Its beauty is very pleasing. It is the preeminent spiritual site of Sikhism. The outer part of this Gurudwara is made of gold, hence it is also known as the ‘Golden Temple’. This temple was built to establish unity and brotherhood among the people of all religions. People of all religions and castes can come to the Golden Temple and all the Gurudwaras of the world.
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Who built the Golden Temple?
The beginning of Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple) was started in 1577 by Ram Das, the fourth Guru of the Sikhs, and was founded by the fifth Guru, Arjun Dash. The construction of the temple began in 1581, it took eight years to complete the first version of the temple.
The temple was demolished in 1762 after a long dispute between Sikhs and Muslims. The construction of a new main entrance, passage, and sanctum was completed in 1776, while the work of the pool around the pond was finished in 1784.
Ranjit Singh announced that he would rebuild it with marble and gold. The temple was renovated in 1809 in marble and copper, and in 1830 Ranjit Singh donated gold to furnish the sanctum sanctorum with a gold plate.
The Golden Temple is sacred and worshipped because in this temple the holy book of Sikhs, Adi Granth, has been established. The Sikhs had ten gurus and this Adi Granth is considered to be the last and eternal living Guru of the Sikhs.
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Meaning of Guru.
Gurdwara means “Guru’s Gate”. This is the place where people of all religions and castes come together to meditate on God. Each Gurdwara has a Darbar Sahib, where the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book, is placed on an elevated throne.
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